This tasty tropical fruit is a household favorite that can be found in grocery stores the world over. It is well known for its unique and sumptuous taste, high nutrition value and medical properties. It is a fruit that is deeply ingrained in human history and is likely to stay so, with evidence of its cultivation spanning back thousands of years – and for good reason, it holds many healthy properties!
Bananas are thought to have been cultivated by humans since at least 5000 BC and even possibly 8000 BC – that’s a pretty long time! It is believed that the banana plant was originally indigenous to Papua New Guinea, and later spread across South East Asia as it was domesticated. Bananas continued to spread west with time, but were not really a common sight until the invention of refrigeration, making their transport much easier.
The banana plant is the largest herbaceous flowering plant in the world, which leads it to be often mistake for a tree. It is found growing wild in parts of Asia, where it has historically been cultivated. The plant’s ability to grow in a number of soils has made it ideal for human cultivation.
The banana fruit itself comes in hundreds of edible varieties, all ranging in size and color. The most commonly depicted banana is one that is yellow and curved. It has a thick, leathery outer skin that protects the creamy-colored flesh within.